Mastermind of the systematic persecution of the Arumanian population of Albania was himself the leader of the Communist Party of this country: the communist dictator, Enver Hoxha (1908-85). The bloody sharp sword of social-political system of communist dictatorship—the Secret Service of the Albanian Communist State (Ministry of Internal Affairs, together with the Branches of Internal Affairs)--oppressed, persecuted, imprisoned, and killed a tremendous number of Arumanians to implement exactly the directives of the central leadership of the country.
In light of irrefutable evidence, it can be accepted without the slightest doubt, the history of Arumanian population of Albania, during the second half of the twentieth century, is certainly a history washed with blood. The bloody sharp sword of social-political system of communist dictatorship—the Secret Service of the Albanian Communist State (Ministry of Internal Affairs, together with the Branches of Internal Affairs)--exercised an unprecedented genocide against Arumanians in general and against pilgrim/cattleman Arumanians in particular, bringing catastrophic consequences in their lives.
Therefore, as a representative of the Arumanian population, through the six-part series, My people: The Arumanians (Denver, Colorado: Outskirts Press, Inc., 2015), I protest, protest, protest! I want to express openly, among other things, my deep protest against the Communist Party of Albania, for the systematic persecution it exercised on my Arumanian brothers during such a historic period!
I am absolutely sure that, in this deep protest, I am joined by hundreds and thousands of Arumanians, who, directly or indirectly, suffered under the communist hell! I am absolutely sure that, in this deep protest, I am joined by all Arumanians of the countries of the Balkan Peninsula and the entire Southeastern Europe! I am absolutely sure that, in this deep protest, I am joined by all Arumanians of the globe!
The pilgrim/cattleman Arumanians of Albania feel it as a duty to make known to the people of the countries of the Balkan Peninsula and the entire Southeastern Europe, as well as to all civilized peoples of the world, that the true causes of their persecution during the reign of the social-political system of communist dictatorship (1944-91), were not accusations, such as:
The real causes of persecution of pilgrim/cattleman Arumanians of Albania, during the reign of social-political system of dictatorship (1944-91), were simply objective factors, such as:
• To be able to express myself in another way, the main cause of persecution of Aumanians was simply their Arumanian origin, ancestry, ethnicity--nationality! The unprecedented genocide that was inflicted on Arumanians stemmed simply in this matter!
As I have noted in previous chapters, the consequences of persecution of pilgrim/cattleman Arumanians of Albania, during the reign of social-political system of communist dictatorship (1944-91), was dramatic from every point of view: physical, psychological, economic, political, social, etc. It seemed as if the hopes of imprisoned Arumanians for a free life did no exist anymore! Or, to be able to express myself in a different way, it seemed as if the life, dreams, their future, had ceased once and for all! Meanwhile, persecution was bringing dramatic consequences for family members of imprisoned Arumanians and members of the tribes, to whom they belonged. Let me just mention a few of them, such as:
Albania's Communist Government, roughly in the middle of 1978, began to introduce a satanic persecution tactic against the Arumanian population. After this year, at least some Arumanians, were not punished for allegedly “Developing hostile activities to violently overthrow the Communist Government of Albania, in cooperation with the Greek State’s Secret Service!” They were sentenced only because supposedly were developing “Agitation and propaganda against the political and social system of the ‘dictatorship of the proletariat’ in Albania.” Obviously, the Communist Government of Albania was forced to use such a tactic, because the Government of the Republic of Rumania spoke openly on defense of the honest and innocent Arumanians. (A clue as important as this has come only through oral stories of Arumanian prisoners!)
Thus, the bloody sharp sword of social-political system of communist dictatorship—the Secret Service of the Albanian Communist State (Ministry of Internal Affairs, together with the Branches of Internal Affairs)--after severely persecuted the Arumanians for decades, roughly in the middle of 1978, surprisingly, began to look, at least at some Arumanians, as a hostile category relatively less dangerous than the main category of their ethnic community! The truth of the matter is that, historically, all Arumanians, without exception, were punished for allegedly developing “Hostile activities whose main aim was the overthrow of the political and social system of the ‘dictatorship of the proletariat’ in Albania!” So, from a political point of view, they belonged to a single category, which was considered too dangerous for the existence of political and social system in power. Within the context set forth above, many meditations arise, some of which perhaps could be formulated as follows:
However, the facts imply that nothing important was happening in the history of the Arumanian population of Albania. The above phenomenon—the view, of at least of some Arumanians, as a hostile category less dangerous than the main category of their ethnic community--did not constitute a new strategy of persecution, but only a devilish tactic of persecution of the Arumanian population. Four years later, the imprisoned Arumanians did not benefit at all from the broad amnesty of November, 1982! They all, again, continued to serve their too long sentences in dreadful prisons of the communist regime! The hatred of the social-political system of communist dictatorship toward the Arumanians was very deep! But, obviously, nor fear of this system by the Arumanians, was not less deep!
Regarding the history of Arumanian population of Albania, the question is that, unprecedented genocide committed against her, during the reign of social-political system of communist dictatorship (1944-91), can be brought to the surface completely. Systematic wild persecution can and should become an important object of study, by both the Arumanians who have experienced it in general, and also by Arumanian intellectuals in particular. Arumanian population’s history can and should be written, firstly, by the Arumanians themselves.
We, Arumanians, let us yet become more aware that it is necessary to write on prominent figures of our ethnic community in all its complexity: figures of all main ethnic groups: pilgrim/cattleman or sedentary; figures of all historical periods: past and present; figures of all areas of life: educational, scientific, social, political, cultural, and artistic. It is important that, without wasting time, immediately, as soon as possible, for each Arumanian personality, be written books: books with documents, books with memoirs, books with extensive historical and social analysis, etc. Just so they will be made known to generations of society: present and future! Just so they will be perpetuated forever! Just so they will better illuminate our path to the future!
In this context, with regard to the pilgrim/cattleman Arumanians, it would be a forgetfulness guilt that the dust cover the names of persecuted Arumanian tribes, names of killed Arumanians, names of Arumanians who died dramatically in jail, etc. I think it is an urgent issue to be explored, among others:
To illuminate in centuries as pearls, let be written with golden letters, then, among others:
(Mareta) Tribe: 4 members sentenced
Kushi, Vojo (1918-42): Legendary commander of guerrilla units during the first
years of the National Liberation Anti-fascist War (1939-44), who, along with
three other partisans, fell heroically in clashes with Italian fascist forces,
on October 7, 1942, at a place called 'Red Hill' (Tirana). Hero of Homeland.
Kote, Spiro (1926-): Officer of the Military Naval Fleet, who, on June 1, 1947,
did not let the motovedeta ‘Mujo Ulqinaku’ be robbed by three traitors. Hero of
I, before I die, I want to learn the answer of some questions so critical for the half-century history of Arumanian population of Albania. They probably could be formulated as follows:
However, for the sake of truth, we should not forget that, the landscape of the Arumanian ethnic community of Albania, during the second half of the twentieth century, a period that roughly coincides with the reign of social-political system of communist dictatorship in this country (1944-91), is not simply a picture with two colors: black and white, oppressor and oppressed. It is a gray panorama: the facts show that, during the second half of the twentieth century, a number of Arumanians managed to occupy important party and state positions, such as:
In this context, can arise at least three main opinions: Firstly, the top party
and state positions, Arumanians did not get at all as representatives of their
ethnic community, which historically had never the status of a legally
recognized ethnic minority, but just as loyal servants of the social-political
system in power. Therefore, historically, they behavied toward their Arumanian
brothers simply as representatives of this system.